The Himalayas run through the entire northern part of India, covering five states of India. The term "Himalaya" - a Sanskrit word meaning "the Abode of Snow" - was coined by the ancient Indian pilgrims who have travelled in these mountains since time immemorial. The Hindu pilgrim routes, the low valleys that abruptly rise up in high mountain ranges, the lovely trekking routes, densely forested areas lying just a mountain range away from barren cold deserts, and the lovely people of the mountains - these are some of the reasons why people have been so fascinated by the Indian Himalayas.
Containing nine of the world's fourteen highest peaks, Nepal is a true Himalayan kingdom. The Himalayas cover three fourths of the land in Nepal. It is home to some of the highest, rugged, remote and most difficult terrain in the world. The world's highest mountain peak Mountt Everest, other high peaks like Lhotse, Nuptse, Annapurna, Dhaulagiri, Manaslu and the presence of some very beautiful trekking routes attract hundreds of thousands of people from all over the world to this lovely Himalayan destination.
The Tibetan plateau lies beyond the main Himalayan range and is rightly given the term Transhimalaya. Also called Roof of the World, Tibet is the highest plateau in the world. Home to Buddism and the Lamas, Tibet has a powerful cultural tradition that has influenced many other parts of the Himalayas. Tibet also contains a large number of lakes from which rise some of the largest rivers of the Himalaya. Currently forming an autonomous region in China, Tibet has a long history of political trouble with many activists in the region demanding independence.