The Ituri Forest is a dense tropical rain forest in the northern part of the Congo River Basin in the Democratic Republic of Congo (formerly Zaire). It covers a vast area of over 24,300 square miles (62,900 sq km) of land in central Africa. The altitude of the forest varies from 2,300 feet (700 m) in the south to 3,300 feet (1,000 m) above sea level in the north. The geographic boundaries of the Ituri Forest are difficult to define as the forest blends in with other forests and swamp regions. The Ituri borders savanna to the north, the Western Rift Valley to the east, and lowland rain forest to the south and west. The name Ituri Forest derives from the Ituri River, which runs from east to west across the forest, flowing into the Aruwimi River before emptying into the Congo River.
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