Kilimanjaro is located in northeastern Tanzania and with its tallest peak, Kibo (elevation 19,340 feet [5,895 m]), it is the highest mountain in Africa. Kilimanjaro is roughly 140 miles (225 km) south of Nairobi and roughly 100 miles (160 km) east of the East African Rift Valley. The mountain extends for approximately 50 miles (80 km) east to west and contains three cones - Kibo, Mawensi, and Shira - which are all extinct volcanoes. Kibo is the highest and youngest cone and is linked to Mawensi by a 7 mi (11 km) expanse at roughly 15,000 feet (4,600 m). Mawensi is the oldest cone and is approximately 17,564 feet (5,400 m) high. It is believed that Mawensi was the core of a former summit before Kibo was formed. Shira ridge (elevation 12,395 feet [3,800 m]) is believed to have been a crater in former times.
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