Moroni is the capital, and the largest settlement, of the Comoros Islands. It became the administrative capital in 1958.
People of Malaysian and Polynesian origin were the first settlers in the Comoros Islands. The Shirazians arrived from the Persian Gulf between the 10th and 15th centuries. The population gradually became more mixed with the interactions and immigrations by Africans, Arabs and Shirazians. Afterwards, in the 19th century, the islands came under French influence. In 1975, the Comoros Islands President Ahemed Abdallah announced independence. Since then, there has been some amount of political unrest in the form of assassinations, and abortive coups.
The town has a traditional Arabic appearance, although it has modern office buildings. The economy of the country depends on agricultural produce like vanilla, cloves and fish. Cacao and coffee are also exported.
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