Until 1969, Goborone, the capital of Botswana, was called Gaberones. This became the seat of government in 1965, from present Mafikeng in South Africa, a year before Botswana's independence in 1966.
Some of the prominent buildings in the city include government offices, parliament buildings, health facilities, the University of Botswana (founded 1976), a national museum and an art gallery (1968), which has departments of natural history, archaeology, and prehistory. The city is served by an airport and has a thermal power station. The city has a population of about 133,000.
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