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Ougadougou, Burkina Faso

Ougadougou is the capital of Burkina Faso. The town is sometimes spelt Wagadugu while Burkina Faso was formerly known as Upper Volta. Founded in the 15th century, it was the capital of the Mossi kingdom of Wagadugu (in 1441). About 250 years later, it became the permanent residence of the Morho naba (great king), the Mossi king. In fact, even today, the Morho naba lives in the city, though with much-depleted powers. The country came under French control in the late 19th century and ultimately gained independence in 1960. However, it was only in 1984 that the borders of the country were finally defined.

Ougadougou today has a relaxed atmosphere with wide avenues, modern public buildings and large trees. It includes buildings and institutions like the University of Ougadougou, the national museum and a crafts center. It has a population of around 360,000 (in 1985). Some of the products of the country include textiles, beverages, matches, footwear. It has an international airport and is connected by road to Abidjan, Ivory Coast.

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