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   Introduction Introduction
   What's the essence? Essence
   Memorizing Memorizing
   Understanding Understanding
   Summarizing Summarizing
         Page 2
   Examples Examples
   Exercises Exercises
   Final thoughts Final thoughts
summarize, how?

5. Summarizing the formulas

The key to verifying identities is very good formula usage. Besides good memorization and understanding of all formulas, we need to summarize the actions of formulas. In our minds, we must clearly know what we can do, what we can't do. For examples, we have four Sum-to-Product formulas:

5_101.gif (9926 bytes)

What characteristics do the formulas have? We see that any sum can become a product, if the functions of two angles are the same, (both are sines or cosines) and with the same coefficients 1. The questions are: can we make a sum into a product, if (1) the functions of two angles are not the same, for example: 5_102.gif (1574 bytes), or (2) the coefficients of 5_103.gif (1495 bytes) are not 1, but still are the same, for example: 5_104.gif (1758 bytes), or (3) if the coefficients are not the same, for example: 5_105.gif (1725 bytes).

The answer of first question is yes. In fact, we can use the Derived formula 5_106.gif (1914 bytes) to exchange with one function so that the two functions are to be the same. Then using the first one of the four Sum-to-Product formulas, we have

5_107.gif (6875 bytes)

which reaches the goal from sum to product.

The answer of second question is yes. We have

5_108.gif (5898 bytes)

After factoring the same coefficient, the form in parentheses is exactly the form of the Sum to Product formulas. By using formulas, we have realized the goal of sum to product.


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