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Bartolomé Masó

Bartolome MasoBartolomé Masó was born in Catalonia.  He fought in the War of Independence and would go on to become President of Cuba.

During the Cuban War of Independence, Masó became the elected president of the House of Representatives, run by the revolutionaries.  As a civilian, his power was limited, especially compared to the revolutionary generals.

The Cubans quickly formed a stronger government.  This time Masó became the Vice-Premier.  Salvador Cisneros Betancourt became President, and Máximo Gómez was General-In-Chief.

In October of 1895 the military command under Gómez decided to begin fighting in the west and close to Cienfuegos.  This meant that the Cubans would have to begin to fight more conventionally.  Masó opposed breaking with the guerilla war strategy, but it happened anyway and proved to be successful.

Masó was elected President in September of 1897.  Most of the Cuban Government was uninvolved in the revolutionary struggle and hoped to get the United States to intervene against Spain.

As President, Masó announced that the U.S. and Cuba should be together in the war against Spain.  Not all the rebels supported this opinion, but he made the statement anyway.

When the fighting between the U.S. and Spain began, the Cuban Government had very little power.  It was not involved in the negotiations and not in contact with the U.S., supposedly fighting on its side.

When the U.S. set up a military government in Cuba, Masó spoke out against General Wood.  The Cubans wanted everyone to vote, but Wood wanted to only allow voting for those with property, calling the poor, "a social element unworthy to be counted upon for collective purposes."

Masó joined the presidential elections in 1901.  He opposed the Platt Amendment and US intervention.  He was up against Tomás Estrada Palma, who had the backing of many Cuban politicians and General Gómez.  Masó withdrew before the elections took place.

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