Guantánamo (pop. 180,000), capital of its namesake province, is among the larger capital cities in Cuba. As with the rest of the province, Guantánamo's local economy has been visibly affected by the U.S. economic blockade.
Guantánamo is nationally of some importance as an industrial city; as Cuba's economy attempts to diversify, Guantánamo has undergone rapid growth. Unfortunately, the scarcity of government funds have resulted in cramped housing projects and neighborhoods which as closely resemble the U.S.' urban slums as anywhere else in Cuba.
The United States maintains a military base which it reserved as part of treaties signed at the end of the