Africa: Human Evolution

Early Man

Archaic or early Homo sapiens (thinking man), which emerged 400,000 million years ago, were the next stage of human development. Their brains were larger and became more refined: from hand-axes to blades. Early

Homo sapiens eventually evolved to modern man. And at this time scientists discover evidence of nomadic societies. Bands of eight to twenty-five people would travel, making temporary settlements.

But Africa is not simply the probable cradle of humanity, it is the cradle of civilization. As you have learned, Eastern Africa was the site for the birth of humanity; several regions of Africa made great contributions to the development of agriculture; and northern Africa initiated great civilizations such as Egypt.   1     2     3

Early Man
Hadar, Ethiopia where Lucy was found. Copyright IHO.

 Africa in History
 Human Evolution

 North Africa  

 Kingdoms of the South
 Trading Empires
 West Africa

Slave Trade