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south africa

national parks (back to intro)

in this section
Arusha National Park
Gombe Streams National Park
Kilimanjaro National Park
Lake Manyara National Park
Mahale Mountains National Park
Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Ruaha National Park
Selous National Park
Tarangire National Park

spotlight feature:
Serengeti National Park

ecosystem -
vegetation -
wildlife -

spotlight feature:
Serengeti National Park Ecosystem

Every year the wildebeest and zebra begin their annual migration. Their migratory route defines the Serengeti ecosystem. This ecosystem extends beyond the boundaries of the Serengeti National Park and includes the following game reserves and conservation areas:
Serengeti National Park
Maasai Mara Game Reserve
Loliondo Controlled Area
Ngorongoro Conservation Area
Maswa Game Reserve
Grumeti Controlled Area
Ikorongo Controlled Area
When the vast migration begins, the herds of wildlife will move across the park boundaries into these other areas as they search for food and water as the rainy and dry seasons begin and end.

The Serengeti ecosystem is famous for its abundant and unique wildlife concentration. Many of the plains animals found on the Serengeti can be found nowhere else in the world. The Serengeti is also known for its annual migration of the wildebeest, an unparalleled sight, since there are over a million in the Park. Thousands of wildebeest can be seen moving freely along their traditional migratory route. Credit must be given to the Tanzanian government for their efforts in conservation which have allowed this migration to take place undisturbed.

The vegetation and wildlife that are found throughout the Serengeti National Park are closely related to one another. In the southeastern region, the vast open plains are covered by short and long grasses. In the central portion are the acacia savannah. The northern section is hilly and has densely wooded sections. In the western portion of the SNP are wooded highlands and black clay plains which reach the edge of Lake Victoria. The herbivores eat the savanna grasses on their migratory routes and are followed by the carnivores forming the interdependent ecosystem of the plains.

Move on to: Serengeti National Park Vegetation

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